Korean War: 1951

Date
Event
 
 
January 3
 
Chinese and North Korea forces resume their offensive. 500,000 troops push U.N. forces 50 miles south of 38th Parallel and recapture Seoul.

 January 14

General Ridgway stabilizes U.N. lines along the 37th parallel.
 
February 1
 
U.N. resolution to end the Korean War is initiated.   Battle of Twin Tunnels.
 
February 13—15
 
Battle of Chipyong-ni. Ridgway claims that this is a turning point in the war.
 
February 16, 1951—
July 27, 1953
 

Siege of Wonsan, 861 day naval operation is conducted—the longest in U.S. naval history.
 
March 7—April 4
 
Operation Ripper drives the Chinese and North Korean forces back to the 38th Parallel. Seoul is retaken.
 
March 23
 
Operation Tomahawk, the second largest airborne operation of the war, initiated.
 
April 11
 
Truman relieves General MacArthur over his command. General Ridgway takes over.
 
April 12
 
The war’s first major aerial duel occurs.
 
April 19
 
General MacArthur at Congressional hearings on his dismissal.
 
April 22
 
Chinese forces begin spring offensive with largest battle of the war.

 May 17—22
 
Korean officers shoot people in a pit (1951)
Second Chinese offensive begins with the 'May Massacre.’
 
May 20—
September 20
 
Chinese offensive stopped. Operation Strangle initiated including an all-out air campaign.
 
May 23—
June 1
 
U.N. resumes attack on north. Chinese suffer defeat.
 
June 10—16
 
Battle of the Punchbowl (near the Hwachon Reservoir) results in victory for the U.S. Marines.
 
June 13, 1951—
July 27, 1953
 
General James Van Fleet ordered to halt attacks and wait for armistice negotiations. U.N. forms a Main Line of Resistance (MLR). North Korea uses time to regroup and build up positions opposite to MLR.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
June 23
 
USSR U.N. Delegate Jacob Malik proposes truce to the war.
 
July 10
 
Truce talks begin at Kaesong.
 
August 18—
September 5
 
Battle of Bloody Ridge (Hill 983).
 
September 13—
October 15
 
Battle of Heartbreak Ridge (Hill 931).
 
September 21
 
Operation Summit—first helicopter deployment of a combat unit.
 
October 3—23
 
Operation Commando—U.N. forces prevail but suffer more than 4,000 casualties.
 
November 27
 
Truce talks continue at Panmunjom and a cease-fire line agreed on
 
November 1951—
April, 1952
 
Stalemate on the MLR. Talks continue at Panmunjom.
 
December 18
 
Prisoner of war lists exchanged.